Originally Answered: Temple of Confucius in Qufu?
It is the largest and oldest Temple of Confucius and built in his hometown, present-day Qufu
It was established in 478 BC, one year after Confucius's death, at the order of the Duke Ai of the State of Lu.
Duke Ai built the temple in the intention, that it should be used to worship and offer sacrifice to Confucius
Confucius instructed different disciples and statesmen; Duke Ai was one of the statesmen.
" On at least two occasions Confucius gave advice to Duke Ai during his last years at Lu. When asked how to gain the support of the common people, he recommended advancing the upright over the crooked.44 When the Duke of Qi was assassinated in 481 BC, Confucius fasted and bathed before going to court to advise Duke Ai to punish the usurper.45 However, the chiefs of the three families were unwilling to take action. The master must have been deeply disappointed in his old age that he never really had the opportunity to participate fully in government.
As far as taking trouble goes,
I do not think I compare badly with other people.
But as regards carrying out
the duties of a better person in actual life,
I have never yet had a chance to show what I could do"
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