Originally Answered: Please help with this history question on American settlers and native american tribes?
Indians never really won.
The Seminole Tribe proudly states it is the only Indian Tribe in North America never to have signed a Peace Treaty with the U.S. government and claims to be one of a handful who has never been conquered.
here in Chattanooga, Tennessee, there were concentration camps to hold the Cherokee as they were rounded up and the land racially cleansed for white settlers. the Cherokee were the whites' enemy, and President Andrew Jackson knew it and refused to enforce a Supreme Court ruling in favor of the Cherokee, and instead sent federal troops to help in the Final Solution. the Cherokee were attacked, marched away at bayonet point, and removed to "Indian Territory" to be out of the whites' way. the Cherokee are historically a conquered enemy people of the whites, and absent from Chattanooga for 150 years since the euphemistic "Removal" of 1838.
Chickasaw & Creek
The Creek Indians were a confederation of tribes that belonged primarily to the Muskhogean linguistic group, which also included the Choctaws and Chickasaws. The Muskogees were the dominant tribe of the confederacy, but all members eventually came to be known collectively as Creek Indians. Most of the Creeks descended from groups living in six towns: Cusseta, Coweta, Areka, Coosa, Hoithle Waule, and Tuckabatchee, all within the confines of the future Alabama and Georgia. These groups most probably formed the confederacy. Later, the Creeks established the practice of adopting conquered tribes and accepting bands fleeing from English, French, and Spanish attacks. By these methods the Alabama, Coushatta, Hitchitee, Tuskegee, and Natchez Indians eventually became Creeks. The Creek confederacy inhabited a large portion of what later became Alabama and Georgia. They, like other Muskhogean tribes, apparently migrated to that region from the west in prehistoric times. The confederacy was divided into two districts, the Upper Creeks, centered on the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers, and the Lower Creeks, residing near the Flint and Chattahoochee. In early historic times, the Creek population was variously estimated at 11,000 to 24,000, distributed among fifty to eighty towns and outlying villages.
European contact had other profound effects upon the Creeks. Although Hernando De Soto's expedition in 1540 made the first European contact with the Creeks, it had little impact. A century and a half later, however, the Creeks became caught in the European struggle for control of the New World. Spaniards in Florida, Frenchmen in Louisiana, and Englishmen in Georgia and South Carolina all attempted to win the allegiance of the Creek confederacy. Sporadic warfare with Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Cherokees added to the Creeks' problems. By the 1770s the English regarded the Creek confederacy as their most powerful opponent. The American Revolution brought a new expansionistic nation to the Creeks' doorstep. In the first decade of the nineteenth century, the Creeks ceded some of their territory to the land-hungry Americans, but in 1811 the Creek council passed a law forbidding further land sales. Unfortunately for the Creeks, during the War of 1812 a group known as the Red Sticks attacked and killed several American families. The American government responded by sending an army under Andrew Jackson to put down the perceived uprising. Jackson and his men decisively defeated the Red Sticks at the battle of Horseshoe Bend and forced the Creeks to cede a vast amount of their territory to the United States in the Treaty of Fort Jackson, signed in 1814. Over the next two decades, numbers of Creek Indians moved to Indian Territory, after signing treaties exchanging their former homelands for land in Oklahoma.