Originally Answered: In India after high school we have 10+2,here in US what is after high school?
A lot depends on where you live. When I went to school in Chicago there was Primary (Elementary K-7) and Secondary (High School 8-12). In Los Angeles when I moved there it was Primary (K-6), Junior High (now called Middle School -- 7 - 9) and High School (10 - 12). They have since changed this and made Middle School earlier and High School earlier. 14 Year olds now go to High School and 11 year olds now go to middle school.
As pointed out you have to choose in High School and your last two years of work reflects on college entrance. You are expected to have a B or better average in 11 and 12th grade in a "college" major.
A "college" major generally requires much more math, usually Algebra (through level 4), Geometry (1 and 2), Trig (1 at least) and for Science bound students Calculus or Math Analysys. Foreign language may be a requirement (level 2), but some schools have dropped this demand. Social studies is a higher level, dealing with Government or Contemporary American Probles, Economics, etc. College majors are encourged to participate in school functions, such as Journalism, Theater, Student Government, Broadcasting or Sports. Science is a higher level with Chemistry and Physics (both require math levels before taking these).
None college majors can graduate school with less classes. They can get shorter days because you don't need as many points to graduate. You need only highschool math, high school general science and high school general history to graduate, plus some electives in technical areas like electronics, auto shop, plastics, art, music.
Manditory eduction exists to grade 10 (age 16), however you can continue to grade 12 (age 18). Such education is free (public).
Those wanting to go to college generally take one or both tests: SAT and ACT.
SAT test costs money to take ($150 to $300) it is an all day long test in three sections. Math (adding to calculus), written comprehension (you read things and answer questions about what you read) and now they are requring an Essay (write what you want on a topic they suggest).
1300 points is considered very good on the SAT. I think 1600 is maximum. 1400 or 1500 gets you almost an automatic seat on many big colleges.
After high school you can go to a JC (Junior College or 2 year college) which is an extension of highshcool. Small classes, teachers a tad better than high school, but not full professors. Low cost. It's about $100 - $200 a year to go to a JC, where you can become qualified to be a Nurse, LAb Tech, Actor, Filmmaker, Medical Technician or business person.
There are also State Colleges which will take any students who are state residents with a decent High School GPA (C+ average or better) or a 2 year JC degree and the SAT doesn't matter much. These cost more (upwards to $2,000 a year) are harder than a JC, classes are larger (often in auditoriums for History, English Grammar, etc.) and more impersonal, but the instructors are higher ranking, some doing research and writing books. Here get a BA (4 year degree), MA or PHD. India sends many students to the higher ranked state colleges free of charge. Such as SUNY, UCLA, U Texas, U Montana, Univ of Illinois, Univ of Indiana.
Private colleges cost an arm and a leg ($15,000 a year or more), they require a B+ average in the last two years of High School and a good SAT score.
India sends many of it's top students to schools like these free of charge. I'm talking MIT, CIT, Harvard, Yale, Princeton, STanford, Regent, Cornell, USC, Northwestern, etc.
Some graduates are looked upon with great honor or respect because of where they got their degree. Doctors and Lawyers from Harvard, Yale, NYU, Columbia, Univ Chicago, UCLA, USC. Scientists from MIT, CIT, Cornell, Harvard.
There are exceptions to the rules and sometimes 15 year olds go to college full time.
Generally, however, a MEdical Doctor or Scientist graduates and goes private after the age of 28 to 30 and with a total of 20-24 years of total schooling.
The average Dentist, Doctor or Lawyer is generally $50,000 to $100,000 in debt to student loans, unless they have a rich family or get scholarships.